Maths: Year 6

Autumn Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
1 
Number and place value (NPV); Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Read, write and compare 6digit numbers and know what each digit represents; read, write and compare 1, 2 and 3place decimal numbers; multiply and divide by 10, 100 and 1000; round decimals to nearest tenth and whole number and place on a number line; convert decimals (up to 3 places) to fractions and viceversa. 
2 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Number and place value (NPV); Written addition and subtraction (WAS); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Use mental addition strategies to solve additions including decimal numbers; use column addition to add 5digit numbers, decimal numbers and amounts of money; solve problems involving number up to 3 decimal places, choose an appropriate method to solve decimal addition. 
3 
Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Express missing number problems algebraically and find pairs of numbers that satisfy equations involving two unknowns; find missing lengths and angles; understand how brackets can be used in calculation problems; use knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations, solve addition and subtraction multistep problems using knowledge of the order of operations. 
4 
Measurement (MEA); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Number and place value (NPV) 
Convert between grams and kilograms, millilitres and litres, millimetres and centimetres, centimetres and metres, metres and kilometres, and miles and kilometres; revise reading the 24hour clock and convert 12hour times to 24hour; read and write Roman numerals; find time intervals using the 24hour clock. 
5 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Written addition and subtraction (WAS); Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Use mental addition, column subtraction and Counting up to solve subtractions of amounts of money and word problems; use mathematical reasoning to investigate. 
6 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Written multiplication and division (WMD); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Number and place value (NPV) 
Use mental multiplication strategies to multiply by numbers such as 4, 8, 5, 25, 19, 29 and 99; revise using short multiplication to multiply 4digit numbers by 1digit numbers and use this to multiply amounts of money; solve word problems involving multiplication including twostep problems and finding change; use long multiplication to multiply 3digit and 4digit numbers by teens numbers. 
Autumn Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
7 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Understand negative numbers; calculate small differences between negative numbers and negative and positive numbers; add and subtract negative numbers; compare fractions with unlike, but related, denominators; correctly use the terms fraction, denominator and numerator; understand what improper fractions and mixed numbers are and add fractions with the same denominator, writing the answer as a mixed number 
8 
Measurement (MEA); Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS) 
Calculate the perimeter, area and volume of shapes, and know their units of measurement; understand that shapes can have the same perimeters but different areas and vice versa; calculate the area of a triangle using the formula A = 1/2 b × h ; find the area of parallelograms using the formula A = b × h ; name and describe properties of 3D shapes; systematically find and compare nets for different 3D shapes. 
9 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Written multiplication and division (WMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Use mental strategies to divide by 2, 4, 8, 5, 20 and 25; find nonunit fractions of amounts; use short division to divide 3 and 4digit numbers by 1digit numbers, including those which leave a remainder; express a remainder as a fraction, simplifying where possible. 
10 
Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE) 
Add and subtract unit fractions with different denominators including mixed numbers; use mental strategies to find simple percentages of amounts, including money 
11 
Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Multiply fractions less than 1 by whole numbers, converting improper fractions to whole numbers; use commutativity to efficiently multiply fractions by whole numbers; divide unit and nonunit fractions by whole numbers; solve word problems involving fractions. 
Spring Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
12 
Number and place value (NPV); Written addition and subtraction (WAS) 
Read and write numbers with up to 7digits, understanding what each digit represents; work systematically to find out how many numbers round to 5000000; solve subtraction of 5 and 6digit numbers using written column method (decomposition). 
13 
Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Multiply and divide by 10, 100 and 1000; compare and order numbers with up to three decimal places; know common fraction / decimal equivalents; multiply pairs of unit fractions and multiply unit fractions by nonunit fractions 
14 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Written multiplication and division (WMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Number and place value (NPV) 
Use partitioning to mentally multiply 2digit numbers with one decimal place by whole 1digit numbers; multiply numbers with two decimal places; use short multiplication to multiply amounts of money; use estimation to check answers to calculations; use long multiplication to multiply 3digit and 4digit numbers by numbers between 10 and 30. 
15 
Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Name, classify and identify properties of quadrilaterals; explore how diagonal lines can bisect quadrilaterals; understand what an angle is and that it is measured in degrees; know what the angles of triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons and octagons add to and use these facts and mathematical reasoning to calculate missing angles; recognise and identify the properties of circles and name their parts; draw circles using pairs of compasses; draw polygons using a ruler and a protractor 
16 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Number and place value (NPV); Written addition and subtraction (WAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Add and subtract numbers using mental strategies; solve addition of 4 to 7digit numbers using written column addition; identify patterns in the number of steps required to generate palindromic numbers; solve subtraction of 5, 6 and 7digit numbers using written column method (decomposition); solve additions and subtractions choosing mental strategies or written procedures as appropriate; read, understand and solve word problems 
17 
Written multiplication and division (WMD); Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Identity common factors and common multiples; understand that a prime number has exactly two factors and find prime numbers less than 100; understand what a composite (nonprime) number is; use long division to divide 3 and 4digit numbers by 2digit numbers, giving remainders as a fraction, simplifying where possible 
Spring Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
18 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Written addition and subtraction (WAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in shopping contexts, and add and subtract money using column addition and counting up; add and subtract decimal numbers choosing an appropriate strategy, and add decimal numbers with different numbers of places using column addition; use mathematical reasoning to investigate and solve problems, and solve subtractions of decimal numbers with different numbers of places (2places) using counting up 
19 
Statistics (STA); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE) 
Calculate and understand the mean average; construct and interpret distance/time line graphs where intermediate points have meaning, including conversion line graphs; understand pie charts are a way of representing data using percentages, interpret and construct pie charts 
20 
Geometry: position and direction (GPD); Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS) 
Read and plot coordinates in all four quadrants, draw and translate simple polygons using coordinates and find missing coordinates for a vertex on a polygon; draw and reflect simple polygons in both the xaxis and yaxis using coordinates; find unknown angles around a point, on a line, in a triangle or vertically opposite and in polygons where diagonals intersect 
21 
Written multiplication and division (WMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Multiply 4digit numbers including those with two decimal places by 1digit numbers; use long multiplication to multiply 4digit numbers by numbers between 10 and 30, including those with two decimal places; revise using short division to divide 4digit by 1digit and 2digit numbers including those which leave a remainder, and divide the remainder by the divisor to give a fraction, simplifying where possible, and make approximations; use long division to divide 4digit by 2digit numbers, and use a systematic approach to solve problems 
22 
Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Generalise a relationship between pairs of numbers, express simple formulae in words, then using letters; describe and continue sequences, generalise to predict the tenth term, begin to generalise a term in a sequence using n to stand for the number of the term in a sequence; describe ratio and use ratio to solve problems; find fractions and simplify ratios 
Summer Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
23 
Number and place value (NPV); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE) 
Revise reading, writing, comparing and ordering numbers with up to seven digits and decimal numbers with up to three decimal places; revise rounding decimal numbers to the nearest tenth and whole number; revise rounding big numbers to the nearest thousand, ten thousand, hundred thousand and million; revise locating a number on a number line marking numbers it lies between; revise comparing and ordering negative numbers including calculating differences between negative numbers and positive and negative numbers 
24 
Number and place value (NPV); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Written addition and subtraction (WAS); Decimals, percentages and their equivalence to fractions (DPE); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS) 
Revise adding and subtracting whole numbers and decimal numbers using mental and written methods; revise finding percentages of numbers, converting fractions, decimals and percentages and making comparisons using percentages; revise how brackets can be used in calculation problems, revise the order of operations for calculations involving the four operations; revise solving missing number problems using inverse operations; revise using trial and improvement to solve equations involving one or two unknowns, and find missing lengths and angles 
25 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Written multiplication and division (WMD); Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Number and place value (NPV) 
Revise scaling, using mental strategies for multiplying and dividing; revise solving problems involving rate; revise multiplying pairs of 2digit numbers and finding factors of 2digit numbers; multiply 3digit and 4digit numbers including decimals by whole 1digit numbers and solve word problems involving multiplication of money and measures; use a systematic approach to solve problems involving multiplication and division, including long multiplication of 3digit and 4digit numbers and decimals 
26 
Written multiplication and division (WMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Number and place value (NPV); Statistics (STA); Geometry: position and direction (GPD) 
Revise using short division to find unit fractions of amounts, including decimals, and round answers to money problems according to the context; revise using long division to divide 4digit by 2digit numbers, giving remainders as a fraction, simplifying where possible; revise using long division to divide 3digit and 4digit numbers by numbers between 10 and 30, writing the fractional part of the answer as a decimal where equivalents are known; revise calculating the mean average; revise reading and marking coordinates in all four quadrants, draw simple polygons and find missing coordinates on a polygon or line 
Summer Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
27 
Number and place value (NPV); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP); Measurement (MEA) 
Revise equivalence simplifying fractions and changing improper fractions into mixed numbers and vice versa; revise adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators, including those which give answers greater than 1; revise multiplying pairs of fractions and multiplying and dividing fractions by whole numbers; solving problems involving ratios; read intermediate points off scales 
28 
Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS); Measurement (MEA); Statistics (STA) 
Revise properties and classification of 2D shapes, drawing 2D shapes using ruler, protractor and compasses, parts of a circle and angles in polygons; revise calculating missing angles by knowing angle facts; use a protractor to measure and draw angles in degrees; identify and name acute, right, obtuse and reflex angles; understand perimeter, area and volume; find the perimeter of rectangles, find the area of rectangles, parallelograms and triangles, and find the volumes of cubes and cuboids; revise reading and interpreting different types of data display 
29 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Geometry: position and direction (GPD); Written multiplication and division (WMD) 
Use mathematical reasoning to investigate and solve problems, and to estimate and predict; solve problems using doubling, solve calculations with enormous numbers; find out about famous mathematicians including Brahmagupta and John Napier and use their different methods to multiply; use lattice multiplication to solve multiplications of 2, 3 and 4digit numbers; begin to compare historical multiplication methods 
30 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS) 
Explore binary numbers; solve mathematical puzzles; including using multiplication facts, find digital roots and look for patterns; explore Fibonacci sequences and Pythagoras' theorem 