Plan: Abacus Year 2

Autumn Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
1 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Estimate and count a number of objects up to 100; locate numbers on 0−100 beaded lines and 1−100 squares; compare pairs of numbers and find a number in between; order three numbers, order 2digit numbers 
2 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Revise number bonds to 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10; know number bonds to 10 and begin to learn related subtraction facts; know multiple of 10 number bonds to 100, learn bonds to 20, rehearse number bonds to 10 and 20 using stories 
3 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Double numbers to double 15, use patterns in number bonds, use number bonds to solve more difficult additions, to subtract and to solve additions bridging 10 
4 
Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS); Statistics (STA) 
Sort 2D shapes according to symmetry properties using Venn diagrams, identify right angles and sort shapes using Venn diagrams, recognise squares, rectangles, circles, triangles, ovals and hexagons, investigate which tessellate, sort shapes and objects using a twoway Carroll diagram 
5 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Begin to mark numbers on a landmarked line, compare and order numbers, using < and > signs, work systematically to find all possible inequalities, find 1 and 10 more or less using the 100square, find 10 more and 10 less than any 2digit number 
Autumn Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
6 
Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Know and use ordinal numbers; understand that 2digit numbers are made from some 10s and some 1s; Understand place value using 10p and 1p coins; find and record all possible amounts using 10p and 1p coins; find 10p more and 10p less; Find 10 more and 10 less 
7 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Add and subtract 10, 20 and 30 to any 2digit number; Add and subtract 11, 21, 12 and 22 to any 2digit number; Solve addition and subtractions by counting on and back in 10s then in 1s; solve addition and subtraction problems using concrete and pictorial representations 
8 
Geometry: position and direction (GPD); Measurement (MEA) 
Understand and use terms and vocabulary associated with position, direction and movement; Measure lengths using uniform units; Begin to measure in centimetres and metres 
9 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Mental multiplication and division (MMD) 
Add and subtract 2digit numbers; Solve addition and subtraction problems using concrete and pictorial representations; Add near doubles to double 15; Add several small numbers spotting near doubles or pairs to 10, etc. 
10 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Measurement (MEA); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Count in 2s, 5s and 10s from zero; Count in multiples of 2p, 5p and 10p; Number sequences of 2s, 5s and 10s; Find the totals of coins and ways to make an amount; Use coins to make given amounts of money 
Spring Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
11 
Number and place value (NPV); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Place value and ordering 2digit numbers; place value additions and subtractions; add and begin to subtract 9, 10 and 11 
12 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Revise number bonds to 10; begin to bridge 10; subtract from 10 and 20; use number facts to find the complement to ten; find a difference between two numbers by counting on 
13 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Measurement (MEA) 
Rehearse complements to multiples of 10; find differences using a number line; find change from 10p and 20p, and from £10 to £20 by counting up and using bonds to 10 and 20; add two 2digit numbers by counting on 
14 
Geometry: properties of shapes (GPS); Geometry: position and direction (GPD); Measurement (MEA) 
Recognise and identify properties (including faces and vertices) of 3D shapes; sort according to properties including number of faces; name the 2D shapes of faces of 3D shapes; tell the time to the nearest quarter on analogue and digital clocks 
15 
Number and place value (NPV) 
Order 2digit numbers and revise the < and > signs; locate 2digit numbers on a landmarked line and grid; round 2digit numbers to nearest 10; estimate a quantity <100 within a range 
Spring Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
16 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Revise doubles and corresponding halves to 15; find half of odd and even numbers to 30; Revise and recognise 1/2s, 1/4s, 1/3s and 2/3s of shapes; place 1/2s on a number line; count in 1/2s and 1/4s; understand and write mixed numbers 
17 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Count in 2s, 5s and 10s to solve multiplication problems and find specified multiples; introduce the × sign; record the 2, 5 and 10 timestables; investigate multiplications with the same answer; write multiplications to go with arrays, rotate arrays to show they are commutative 
18 
Measurement (MEA); Statistics (STA) 
Tell the time to the nearest quarter of an hour using analogue and digital clocks; understand the relationship between seconds, minutes and hours and use a tally chart; interpret and complete a pictogram or block graph where one block or symbol represents one or two things 
19 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Revise 2, 5 and 10 timestables; revise arrays and hops on the number line; multiply by 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10; arrange objects into arrays and write the corresponding multiplications; make links between grouping and multiplication to begin to show division; write divisions as multiplications with holes in and use the ÷ sign 
20 
Measurement (MEA); Number and place value (NPV); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Recognise all coins, know their value, and use them to make amounts; recognise £5, £10, £20 notes; make amounts using coins and £10 note; write amounts using £.p notation; order coins 1p – £2 and notes £5 – £20; add several coins writing totals in £.p notation (no zeros in 10p place); add two amounts of pence, using counting on in 10s and 1s; add two amounts of money, beginning to cross into £s 
Summer Term 1 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
21 
Number and place value (NPV); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Locate, order and compare 2digit numbers on 0100 landmarked lines and on the 1100 square; use < and > signs; locate numbers on an empty 0100 line; introduce numbers 101 to 200 and count in 100s to 1000; add 2digit numbers by counting on in 10s and 1s; subtract 2digit numbers by counting back in 10s and 1s 
22 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Use doubles and number bonds to add three 1digit numbers; use number facts to 10 and 20 in number stories; find complements to multiples of 10; understand subtraction as difference and find this by counting up; find small differences either side of a multiple of 10 
23 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Add and subtract 1digit numbers to and from 2digit numbers; subtract 2digit numbers by counting back in tens and ones; add two 2digit numbers by counting in 10s, then adding 1s; add 2digit numbers using 10p and 1p coins (partitioning, answers less than 100); add 2digit numbers using placevalue cards (partitioning, answers more than 100) 
24 
Measurement (MEA); Statistics (STA) 
Measure weight using standard or uniform nonstandard units; draw a block graph where one square represents two units; weigh items using 100g weights using scales marked in multiples of 1kg or 100g; measure capacity using uniform nonstandard units; measure capacity in litres and in multiples of 100ml 
25 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Fractions, ratio and proportion (FRP) 
Double multiples of 10 and 5 (answers less than 100); double 2digit numbers ending in 1, 2, 3 or 4 (answers less than 100); find a quarter of numbers up to 40 by halving twice; begin to find 3/4 of numbers; find 1/2 1/4 and 1/3 of amounts (sharing); spot patterns and make predictions when finding a third of numbers 
Summer Term 2 

Wk 
Strands 
Weekly Summary 
26 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Number and place value (NPV); Measurement (MEA); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Count back in 10s and 1s to solve subtraction (not crossing 10s) and check subtraction using addition, beginning to understand that addition undoes subtraction and vice versa; add three or more small numbers using number facts; record amounts of money using £·p notation including amounts with no 10s or 1s; find more than one way to solve a money problem 
27 
Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Count in 3s, recognising numbers in the 3 timestable; write multiplications to go with arrays and use arrays to solve multiplication problems; understand that multiplication is commutative and that division and multiplication are inverse operations; solve divisions as multiplications with a missing number; count in 2s, 3s, 5s and 10s to solve divisions and solve division problems in contexts 
28 
Measurement (MEA) 
Measure and estimate lengths in centimetres; tell the time involving multiples of 5 minutes past the hour and 5 minutes to the hour; tell time to 5 minutes; begin to say the time 10 minutes later 
29 
Mental addition and subtraction (MAS); Mental multiplication and division (MMD); Problem solving, reasoning and algebra (PRA) 
Partition to add two 2digit numbers; find the difference between two 2digit numbers; multiply two numbers using counting in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10; solve division problems by counting in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10 
30 
Number and place value (NPV); Mental addition and subtraction (MAS) 
Compare two 2digit numbers and find bonds to 100 using thermometers; revise place value in 2digit numbers, numbers between 100 and 200, and 3digit numbers (including zeros in the 10s and 1s places) 